Pneumologia Vol. 66 Nr. 2
Journal indexed in SCOPUS and EBSCO
Member of COPE
Impact factor SJR 0.145
Copyright Romanian Society of Pneumology
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As the readers of the journal already acknowledged from the SRP Newsletter, Pneumologia changes its Editor-in-Chief: my place in this position is taken over by my younger colleague, Alina Croitoru.
This change elicits from the former Editor-in-Chief a short review of the 20 years of activity in the editorial board. A significant period of time, covering almost a third of the Journal’s life, born in December 1951, at the initiative of the remarkable Professor Marius Nasta.
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an extremely serious and life-threatening medical condi-tion, characterised by acute respiratory failure, hypox-emia resistant to the administration of oxygen, pulmonary compliance compromised due to lesional lung edema and marked inflammation of both lungs. The majority of patients would die without mechanical ventilation; even with appropriate therapy, the progno-sis is unfavourable and mortality is high.
Alveolar haemorrhage syndrome is a serious, some-times life-threatening condition, clinically manifested with coughing, dyspnea, fatigue, and haemoptysis. The syndrome may have many causes, including drug treat-ments. Due to the rarity of this type of adverse reaction to a drug, the etiological relationship between an incriminated drug and alveolar haemorrhagic syndrome is difficult to specify.
Lung and pleural biopsies are essential procedures for the diagnosis of a large number of chest conditions. Modern medicine requires histological confirmations. For example, no patient with suspected lung cancer should have oncological treatment in the absence of a biopsy. Moreover, tissue sampling is also essential for inflammatory conditions of the lung and the pleura, and also for microbiological diagnosis.
Tobacco is the only legalised drug that may cause death to most of its consumers(1). There is no other dependence in which a person self administers the sub-stance so many times by day, repeating hundreds of times the same gestures, creating a chain of behavioural automatisms, so that countless actions, environments, emotions, feelings, daily internal and external cues are related to the act of smoking cigarettes(2,3).
Aerobic exercise maximal capacity depends on the integrity of the systems involved in the oxygen uptake, transport and utilization. Respiratory, cardio-vascular, hematological and peripheral muscle diseases may be, alone or combined, responsible for a low exercise capacity(1).
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major leading cause of chronic morbidity and mortality worldwide. The most prevalent cause of COPD is tobacco smoking, while genetic background and air pollution are also responsible for the increased risk(1-4).
Sarcoidosis is a multisistemic disease histologically characterized by the presence of noncaseating epithelioid cell granuloma. The etiology of sarcoidosis is unknown. Positive diagnosis is established by clinical simptoms, radi-ological images and histological results(1,2). Malignancy can be associated with sarcoidosis and solid tumors can precede or follow sarcoidosis.
Always an emergency, the foreign body aspiration into respiratory airways is a life-threatening condition that has to be managed by skilled medical professionals and followed-up in order to insure that no immediate or short-term complications can endanger the patient’s life.
Reviews for clinical practice:
Bronchiectasis represents a chronic heterogeneous and multidimensional condition of abnormal and per-manent dilatation of medium and small airways with main clinical manifestation represented by chronic daily cough, exteriorization of large amounts of thick mucus every day, haemoptysis and sometimes dyspnea(1,2,3,4).