Pneumologia Vol. 67 Nr. 2
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Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an inherited, co-dominant disease, manifested primarly by lung and liver pathology(1). Even if it is one of the three main genetic disor-ders causing mortality in Europe, its detection is still low, caused primarly by a low diagnosis suspicion due to unaware-ness of the pathology(2). The responsible gene, SERPINA1, a gene on the 14th chromosome, is known to have many pos-sible variations. More than 120 variants of genes – and, consequently, of alpha-1 antitrypsin protein – are known(3).
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disor-der characterized by breathing cessation (apnea) or periods of superficial or irregular breathing pat-terns (hypopnea) resulting from repetitive narrow-ing and collapsing of the upper airways during sleep. OSA is the most frequent form of sleep apnea, present in 84% of cases.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease generally related to smoking, char-acterized by chronic progressive and irreversible obstruction of the airways.
Clinical applications of point of care thoracic ultrasound (POCTUS) have developed a lot in recent years(1). This was particularly possible thanks to the modernization of ultra-sound scanners, which are now small, portable, cheap, and are offering a very good quality picture at the bedside.
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a common and major cause of death. ARF is not a specific disease entity, but a consequence of worsening of various diseases, which leads to oxygenation and ventilation distur-bance(1,2). The number of hospitalizations in United States (US) with a diagnosis of ARF rose from 1,007,549 in 2001 to 1,917,910 in 2009(3).
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous hereditary disorder mainly transmitted by autosomal recessive inheritance and characterized by bronchiectasis, sinusitis and otitis media(1). The coexistence of PCD and situs inversus is known as Kartagener syndrome (KS) and it occurs in 50% of PCD cases(2).
Problems of smoking control:
During the last months, an avalanche of statements have been published on a topic of high relevance: elec-tronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or electronic nicotine deliv-ery systems (ENDS). The terms “ENDS” and “e-cigarettes” tend to be used interchangeably.
On March 16th, 2018, the 11th edition of the World Sleep Day took place, hosted by the Romanian Society of Pneumology (RSP), within a press conference organized in Bucharest. For years, the World Sleep Day has been an internationally recognized annual awareness event bring-ing together researchers, healthcare professionals and patients in order to highlight the importance of sleep for our health.
Three years ago, we established our first partnership with another professional Romanian society – the TSociety of Cardiology –, starting a long-term produc- tive collaboration aimed at changing the new anti-smoking laws, as well as protection and education of the population regarding a major risk factor: active, passive and third-hand smoking. Since 2017, this kind of partnership has gained new momentum with the two editions of the “Chronic Cough” conference.
The Romanian Society of Pneumology (SRP) organized a press conference on World Asthma Day in the preamble of some activities dedicated to this anniversary, which included spirometry screenings, spirometry tests for the journalists, talkshows, TV or radio shows. This year marks the 8th year in a row edition of this event.